Many pupils experience learning difficulties, to varying degrees, during their time at school. Learning difficulties are neurological disorders that can make it difficult to acquire certain academic and social skills. They include Specific Learning Difficulties and Moderate Learning Difficulties.
Specific Learning Difficulties (or SpLDs), affect the way information is learnt and processed. SpLDs are neurological, usually run in families, and occur independently of intelligence. They have a significant impact on learning especially the acquisition of literacy and numeracy skills. SpLDs include dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and dyspraxia.
Moderate learning difficulties (or MLD), like SpLDs are neurological and affect the way information is learnt and processed, however a pupil with MLD will have a much greater difficulty in acquiring basic literacy and numeracy skills and in understanding concepts.